РОЛЬ ВОДИ У ПРОЦЕСАХ ХЕМОСОРБЦІЇ ГАЗІВ СОРБЦІЙНО-АКТИВНИМИ МАТЕРІАЛАМИ

Автор(и)

  • A. A.-A. Еннан Фізико-хімічний інститут захисту навколишнього середовища і людини МОН України та НАН України, Ukraine
  • Р. М. Длубовський Фізико-хімічний інститут захисту навколишнього середовища і людини МОН України та НАН України, Ukraine
  • Р. Є. Хома Одеський національний університет імені І. І. Мечникова, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18524/2304-0947.2021.3(79).240717

Ключові слова:

адсорбція, гідратація, пари води, катіоніти, аніоніти, ізотерма, хемосорбент

Анотація

В роботі узагальнено літературні дані щодо гідратації і хемосорбції токсичних газів полімерними сорбційно-активними матеріалами. Проаналізовано механізми поглинання гранульованими і волокнистими іонообмінними і імпрегнованими матеріалами та стан адсорбованої води із застосуванням різних методів досліджень (гравіметричного, сорбційно-термохімічного, дериватографічного, ІЧ‑спектроскопічного). Показано, що за природою зв’язку з активними центрами вода поділяється на «зв’язану» і звичайну – «вільну». Перша – моношар і найближчі міцно зв’язані з іонітом шари, друга – осмотична вода набухання. Показано, що для ефективного поглинання більшості токсичних газів і парів (SO2, HCl, Cl2, SiF4, HF, NO2, NH3, аміни, COCl2, O3) необхідна наявність саме «вільної» води, яка є не лише дифузійним середовищем, в якому перебігають масообмінні процеси, а й безпосереднім учасником хемосорбції.

 

Посилання

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2021-11-24

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